Gregory of Nazianzos

Gregory of Nazianzos
   Fourth-century writer; saint; one of the "Cappadocian Fathers," along with Gregory of Nyssa and Basil the Great (qq.v.). Son of the bishop (q.v.) of Nazianzos in Cappadocia (q.v.), he became bishop of Constantinople (q.v.) in 380381, and chaired the Second Ecumenical Council (q.v.) at Constantinople in 381, where he opposed the followers of Eunomios (q.v.). He was bishop of Nazianzos from 382-384, before his death ca. 390. His writings are varied, including sermons and polemics against heresy (q.v.). His chief historical role was that of defender of Orthodoxy (q.v.) at a time when Orthodoxy needed defending.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • Basil the Great —    Saint, and one of the three Cappadocian fathers (along with Gregory of Nazianzos and Gregory of Nyssa [qq.v.], Basil s brother), all great church fathers of the fourth century. They were opponents of Arianism (q.v.), including its chief… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Caesarea —    Chief city of Cappadocia (q.v.). Basil the Great (q.v.), the great church father of the fourth century, was born in Caesarea and was one of the so called Cappadocian church fathers, along with Gregory of Nazianzos and Gregory of Nyssa (qq.v.) …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Cappadocia —    Region of central Asia Minor (q.v.) famous for the Cappadocian Fathers, Basil the Great, Gregory of Nazianzos, and Gregory of Nyssa (qq.v.). Its strategic importance from the seventh century onward lay in its close proximity to frontier passes …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Academy of Athens —    Famous pagan school of philosophy in Athens (q.v.) that was closed by Justinian I (q.v.) in 529. In the fourth century its students included Basil the Great, Gregory of Nazianzos, and the future emperor Julian (qq.v.). The great philosophers… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Evagrios Pontikos —    One of the most interesting monastic thinkers and writers of the fourth century. His mentors were Basil the Great and Gregory of Nazianzos (qq.v.), from whom Evagrios acquired a passion for theology and monasticism (q.v.). His support of… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • ГРИГОРИЙ БОГОСЛОВ — [Назианзин; греч. Γρηγόριος ὁ Θεολόγος, ὁ Ναζιανζηνός] (325 330, поместье Арианз (ныне Сиврихисар, Турция) близ Карвали (ныне Гюзельюрт), к югу от г. Назианза, Каппадокия 389 390, там же), свт. (пам. 25 янв., 30 янв. в Соборе Трех святителей; пам …   Православная энциклопедия

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